Ufa Engine Industrial Association originated from an Ufa–based combine harvester plant founded in 1931. In 1940, it was handed over to People’s Commissariat for Aircraft Industry, and soon started assembly of reciprocating aviation engines.
Since July 1941, in the first months of World War II a number of aviation plants were evacuated to Ufa. This made it possible to merge them into one Ufa Engine Building Plant. In 1978, it turned into Ufa Engine Industrial Association which became an Open Joint-Stock Company in 1993.
The company began its activities by licensed production of the M-17 reciprocating engine for aircraft, tanks, and torpedo boats.
During the World War II, the plant built over 97 thousand engines for a range bombers.
1945 marked the beginning of production turbojet engines that powered Yak-15 and Yak-17 production fighters.
Three years later, the plant mastered the technology of manufacturing engines for MiG-15 and MiG-17 fighters. They also powered the first aircraft in the Soviet Union to reach the sonic barrier.
The plant manufactured engines for the supersonic aircraft until 1974, and their short-life versions for target aircraft, recce drones, and cruise missiles coming off the production line till the mid-1980s.
In 1958, the company started the manufacture of liquid-propellant rocket engines for antiaircraft, sea-, and airlaunched missiles.
MiG-21, Su-15 and multipurpose Yak-28 fighters were powered by the company’s R11F-300s, R13-300s, R25-300s and their versions, while R29-300s were fitted on MiG-27s and Su-22s. Attack fighters are now powered by company’s R-95Sh and R-195 engines.
In mid-80’s UMPO JSC launched a production program on AL-31F and AL-31FP aero-engines for the Su-27 and Su-30 aircraft family. The current manufacturing processes involve the following engines:
- two versions of the AL-31F (Series 22 and Series 3) for Su-27SK, Su-30MK, Su-34, and Su-33 aircraft;
- the AL-31FP – the first engine in the world with a variable thrust vector.
The company’s plans for the nearest future involve large-scale production of AL-55 multi-purpose low-thrust engines for training aircraft, and 117S engines to replace AL-31FPs.